2014-05-28: TrueCrypt currently has security issues and is not recommended.
If you’re running GNU/Linux, dm-crypt with LUKS is the recommended encryption option.
Gentoo GNU/Linux maintains a guide for dm-crypt with LUKS.
Arch GNU/Linux maintains a guide to dm-crypt with LUKS. Also useable for Parabola GNU/Linux.
Google Public DNS permanently logs your ISP and location information for analysis. Your IP address is also stored for 24 hours.
OpenNIC has not adopted an official policy concerning log query privacy/anonymization. More information here.
Why not MEGA? While MEGA is free as in beer, the software is proprietary code.
Why not SpiderOak? SpiderOak is proprietary software.
Why not Tarsnap? Tarsnap is partially proprietary and hosts your data on Amazon Web Services.
“Off-the-Record Messaging, commonly referred to as OTR, is a cryptographic protocol that provides strong encryption for instant messaging conversations. OTR uses a combination of the AES symmetric-key algorithm, the Diffie–Hellman key exchange, and the SHA-1 hash function. In addition to authentication and encryption, OTR provides perfect forward secrecy and malleable encryption.
The primary motivation behind the protocol was providing deniability for the conversation participants while keeping conversations confidential, like a private conversation in real life, or off the record in journalism sourcing.”
Ένα πλεγματοειδές δίκτυο είναι ένα αποκεντρωμένο ομότιμο δίκτυο, με συνδέσμους οι οποίοι ελέγχονται από τους χρήστες και συνήθως είναι ασύρματοι.
“Το πλεγματοειδές δίκτυο (τοπολογία) είναι ένας τύπος δικτύωσης όπου κάθε κόμβος πρέπει όχι μόνο να αποθηκεύει και να εκπέμπει τα δικά του δεδομένα, αλλά και να λειτουργεί ως κανάλι για άλλους κόμβους, δηλαδή πρέπει να συνεργάζεται έτσι ώστε να διαχέει τα δεδομένα στο δίκτυο.“
Apple, Google, and Microsoft are allegedly a part of PRISM. Their proprietary operating systems cannot be trusted to safeguard your personal information from the NSA. We have two free alternatives: GNU/Linux and BSD.
GNU/Linux has a much larger community to help you with the transition. It’s recommended that you begin your explorations by looking for a GNU/Linux distribution that suits your needs. Additionally the Free Software Foundation hosts a list of completely Free distributions.
Debian has a long tradition of software freedom. Contributors have to sign a social contract and adhere to the ethical manifesto. Strict inclusion guidelines make sure that only certified open source software gets packaged in the main repositories.
Fedora is a community edition that serve as the stable basis for enterprise ready GNU/Linux distributions with commercial support. Companies all over the world trust Red Hat Inc. because of their transparency throughout the whole development process.
Canonical’s Ubuntu is not recommended by PRISM Break because it contains Amazon ads and data leaks by default. GNU/Linux distributions based on Ubuntu are also currently not recommended due to several other reasons.
A live distribution like Tails is the fastest and easiest way to a secure operating system. All you have to do is create a bootable CD or USB drive with the files provided and you’re set. Everything else will be preconfigured for you.
A virtual machine (VM) image like Whonix is designed to be run inside of a virtualization package like VirtualBox. VirtualBox can be installed on Windows, Linux, macOS, and Solaris. This means that if you're stuck using Windows or macOS for whatever reason, you can install VirtualBox and use Whonix to increase your privacy and security.
ProtectedText encrypts/decrypts text in the browser, and password (or it's hash) is never sent to the server - so that text can't be decrypted even if requested by authorities.
Installing your own add-ons into Tor Browser is not recommended, as they may bypass Tor or otherwise harm your anonymity and privacy. Check the EFF's Panopticlick to see how trackable your browser configuration is by third parties.
If you're using a Firefox-based browser, you can safeguard your browsing habits and stop advertising companies from tracking you by installing uBlock Origin, Request Policy, and HTTPS Everywhere.
A more advanced alternative to Request Policy would be uMatrix.
Why is Adblock Plus not recommended? Adblock Plus shows “acceptable ads” by default, which works against the purpose of the add-on. Either disable acceptable ads or use uBlock Origin instead.
Use a combination of Tor Browser and a free web browser of your choice to the surf the web.
Try to use Tor Browser as often as possible. Browsing is slower with Tor, but far more secure.
Note: Mozilla Firefox is technically not completely free software, as Mozilla recommends non-free add-ons on their website.
There is also a DuckDuckGo hidden service at 3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion for Tor users.
MetaGer is a SaaS by the German non-profit SUMA e.V. that provides you with anonymous meta search results.
Startpage is a SaaS hosted in the USA and the Netherlands that provides you with anonymous Google search and image results through a free proxy.